What are school resources?
Schools are an ideal place for mental health promotion, mental illness prevention, and early intervention In Ontario, schools provide a continuum of mental health support, also called a “Multi-Tiered System of Support”, which covers three different levels of care:
What are community resources?
Community resources are generally Tier 3 services that provide intensive, tailored intervention services for people who have a mental illness diagnosis or serious mental health challenge. Similar to school services, community support is also provided at different “levels” corresponding to different intensities and degrees of care. In general, out-patient, in-patient and residential services are available.
What are online resources?
In the last decade, mental health apps, phone, text, or chat services, and other online services have grown in popularity. These online or mobile resources include crisis support services, information and knowledge building programs, counselling and therapy, as well as consultation, assessment, and peer support. Online resources are a great way to get immediate support and connect with someone anonymously. In many cases, these resources are a stepping stone for face-to-face services because they help build trust, confidence, and hope. Some of the most popular online resources for children and adolescents include:
When is it time to ask for help?
Many people continue to believe that you have to be “crazy” or in the depths of despair before seeking professional mental health support, like going to a therapist. If that were the case, then many mental health professionals would be out of a job! The truth is that most people can benefit from therapy at some point in their lives and, in more recent years, countless voices are speaking about the benefits of therapy for everyone (even happy people). But let’s not get ahead of ourselves.
- Feeling sad, angry, or otherwise “not yourself”.
- Abusing drugs, alcohol, food, or sex to cope.
- Losing someone or something important to you.
- Experiencing or witnessing something traumatic.
- A lack of interest, motivation, or energy to do the things you like to do.
What gets in the way of asking for help?
Barriers to Help-Seeking Behaviour for Mental Health
Where can I learn more?
What will students learn?
By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:
- Understand that everyone needs help at some point in their life
- Identify people, organizations and resources in the school and the broader community that support mental health
- Know when and how they can seek help
- Call the Kids Help Phone line and understand the services they offer
Cauce, A. M., Domenech-Rodríguez, M., Paradise, M., Cochran, B. N., Shea, J. M., Srebnik, D., & Baydar, N. (2002). Cultural and contextual influences in mental health help seeking: A focus on ethnic minority youth. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70(1), 44–55.
Griffiths K. M., Gulliver A., & Christensen H. (2010). Perceived barriers and facilitators to mental health help-seeking in young people: a systematic review. BMC Psychiatry, 10(1), 113.
Möller-Leimkühler, A. (2002). Barriers to help-seeking by men: a review of sociocultural and clinical literature with particular reference to depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 71(1-3), 1–9.
Ontario Centre of Excellence for Child and Youth Mental Health (2012). Evidence In-Sight: Effective Stigma Reduction Strategies in Child and Youth Mental Health.
Sack, D. (2013, March 18). 5 Signs It’s Time to Seek Therapy. Psychology Today.
School Mental Health Ontario (n.d.). Think in Tiers and Focus on the Positive. School Mental Health Ontario.
Staley, O. (2018, May 15). The reason why it’s so hard to ask for help. Quartz at Work.