What is self-confidence?
Behavioural Manifestations of Confidence
What is self-efficacy, self-esteem, and self-compassion?
- Outcome expectations: Personal beliefs about whether or not an action has the potential to result in a particular outcome (ex. Will studying for this test result in a higher grade?).
- Efficacy expectations: Beliefs in one’s own ability to execute the behaviour required to produce the outcome (ex. Can I study more for this test?).
- Mastery: Previous experiences and success with taking on new challenges, and learning new skills.
- Vicarious: Having a positive role model to learn from and demonstrate self-efficacy.
- Verbal persuasion: Receiving support and encouragement from family, friends, mentors, and acquaintances, through kind words and motivating phrases.
- Emotional and physiological arousal: Feelings of overall health and wellbeing directly influence your sense of competence (ex. feeling relaxed, calm, and in control rather than anxious, hopeless or overwhelmed).
Self-efficacy is the behavioural component of self-confidence because it determines your willingness to initiate change, the amount of effort you invest into making that change, and how long you will sustain these efforts in the face of adversity.
- Self-kindness (versus Self-judgement): Being warm and understanding toward yourself when you suffer, fail, or feel inadequate, rather than ignoring your pain or flagellating yourself with self-criticism.
- Common humanity (versus Isolation): Recognizing that suffering and personal inadequacy is part of the shared human experience – something we all go through rather than being something that happens to “me” alone.
- Mindfulness (versus Over-identification): Taking a balanced approach to your negative emotions so that feelings are neither suppressed nor exaggerated. This stems from a willingness to observe your negative thoughts and emotions with openness and clarity and put your situation into a larger perspective.
Why is it important to have self-confidence?
Where can I learn more?
What will students learn?
By the end of this lesson, students will be able to…
- Recognize self-confidence as a skill that can be developed through practice and reframing self-talk
- Use positive self-affirmations to build self-confidence
- Distinguish between behaviours associated with high and low self-confidence in everyday life
- Articulate the relationship between body language and confidence and apply this knowledge to change behaviour
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